Tips for caring for healthy pregnant women throughout pregnancy
Pregnancy care in the first 3 months of pregnancy
Changes of mother elected in the first 3 months
In the first few weeks of pregnancy many women did not know that they were mothers because no special signs appeared. However, starting from week 3-4 onwards, many women found that they had delayed menstruation, the breasts became sensitive, the size increased. From this time onwards, 80% of pregnant mothers began to show morning sickness such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, anorexia, fear of smell … Due to the effects of pregnancy hormones, the uterus also starts to grow causing compression of the bladder, so the woman will urinate several times a day. Do not feel this is inconvenient and endure urination or you will be at risk of urinary tract infection. Entering the 8-9 week, the uterus expands with the fist, many pregnant mothers have a more severe pregnancy reaction (also known as severe morning sickness). Along with manifestations of nausea and vomiting, accompanying anxiety and anxiety are sometimes sad and disappointing. Her skin is also less bright than before, many people appear melasma and freckles.
Nutrition for mothers to elect the first 3 months
Although pregnant mothers will find it harder to eat during the early stages of pregnancy, meals should still ensure that there are enough protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and minerals. Especially supplementing folic acid and iron in this time is extremely important. Pregnant women lacking folic acid can cause fetal neural tube defects with spina bifida, brain hernia, increased risk of congenital heart disease, cleft palate and cleft palate. In the first 3 months of pregnancy, pregnant women need 400mcg of folic acid every day. Iron deficiency causes anemia, an exhausted pregnant woman’s body will become more and more tired. Ideally, women should supplement iron through daily food. Because of the side effects of “morning sickness” women should divide meals into 5 to 6 meals a day to avoid more easily digestive, nausea, and eating. In addition, if you have a lot of nausea, you can snack on cookies, ginger candies, oranges, apples … also reduce morning sickness. During pregnancy, especially in the first 3 months, pregnant mothers should pay attention to avoid eating certain foods that may cause miscarriage, vaginal bleeding, such as pineapple, coriander, vegetables, green papaya, beer drinking. wine, coffee, solid tea, fried food with lots of fat, canned food.
In the first 3 months of pregnancy, the fetus is only a premature pregnancy so the risk of miscarriage is very high. Therefore, once a mother becomes a mother, she should pay attention to changing living habits to suit a pregnant mother. – The working environment should be clear and fresh, limit exposure to toxic chemicals and electromagnetic waves. If possible, you can apply for a transfer to ensure your health.
Husband mentality, sharing with his wife the difficulties in pregnancy helps her to be more confident and happier when pregnant – Start exercising gently like walking, practicing yoga to help calm the nervous system, increase oxygen to the fetus. – Arrange house and work functions reasonably to have more time to relax and relax. – The husband himself needs to care, take more care of his wife, especially the diet; check with pregnant wife; share, motivate to reduce the psychological pressure of the pregnant mother; with his wife doing housework, not letting the pregnant lady carry heavy things, with the furniture up high.
Pregnant care in the middle 3 months
How did the pregnant mother change in the middle 3 months?
Entering the 4th month, pregnant belly began to appear. The feeling of morning sickness also diminished and disappeared, the pregnant mother became more cheerful and agile than before. By the 5th month, the uterus was significantly enlarged, causing the lower abdomen to protrude. At this time, the appearance of the women changed significantly: weight gain; chest buttocks; chest begins to have colostrum; Darker skin, armpits, groin, neck, vulva than normal. This is the time when mothers can feel the pregnancy clearly. Some women have the phenomenon of foot swelling, pregnancy constipation or difficulty breathing, pain in the back, hips due to poor blood flow, varicose veins and changes in hormones in pregnant women.
Nutrition in the middle 3 months for mothers
In the second trimester, the mother elected to increase by 3-4 kg is appropriate. Daily meals still need to meet the necessary nutrients such as: + Powder includes: rice, wheat flour, whole grains … + Protein includes: meat, fish, eggs, crustaceans, beans … + Fat includes: vegetable oil, animal fat, sesame seeds, peanuts … + Vitamins and minerals include: green vegetables, fresh fruits, milk … In the middle 3 months, pregnant mothers need about 2550 kcal / day, 300-350 kcal higher than normal. In addition, women need to supplement 2 liters of water every day to balance the amount of amniotic fluid in the body to ensure the development of the fetus.
- Women should buy separate election attire when the gourd belly protrudes to be comfortable in daily activities. Avoid high heels. – Register to attend antenatal courses to learn how to take care of pregnancy, how to lay and labor and methods of taking care of newborn babies.
Pregnancy care in the last 3 months of pregnancy
The change of pregnant women in the last 3 months
Because the pregnant belly protrudes forward, the mother’s back muscles become tired, overly painful due to the support of the body. The stretch marks of light pink, burgundy or white appear in the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, and breasts with different sizes when the fetus is growing rapidly. In addition, the phenomenon of limb numbness (bleeding), difficulty sleeping, and cramps can occur more frequently during the last months of pregnancy. Most pregnant women will find that Braxton Hicks contractions occur in more frequent and stronger ways. The nearer the expected time of birth of pregnant mother, she is easily tired due to lack of sleep and the weight of the fetus so it is necessary to facilitate more rest.
Nutrition for mothers for the last 3 months
In the last few months, the pregnant mother should pay attention to her own weight control with her baby’s weight. If the mother has gained too much weight while the unborn baby will make her hard to lose weight after birth while the baby is malnourished and stunted. Conversely, if the fetus is too big, the mother will face the risk of caesarean section. It is best to keep your weight in line with a scientific diet. In the last 3 months, women can break down meals during the day to better digest and absorb nutrients better. Still need to make sure to drink 2-2.5 liters of water every day. Avoid foods that contain preservatives, canned foods, and frozen foods.
- Ask your husband to massage his legs and back to relieve aches and pains. Every evening you can soak your feet in warm water with ginger wine. – Women need to follow the periodic check-up schedule, the last month of pregnancy requires regular antenatal care. When there are abnormal signs such as vaginal bleeding, headache, nausea, blurred vision, the fetus reduces sudden movements, it is necessary to seek medical care as soon as possible. – Prepare to buy newborns, choose birth hospitals with necessary procedures such as birth records, health insurance … – Keeping the psychology comfortable, happy, optimistic to facilitate the process of birth as well as the psychology of young children later. – Limit sex in the last month of birth to avoid early labor. During pregnancy, pregnant mothers need to add the necessary knowledge about diet and daily activities to ensure the pregnancy of the mother is square. In addition, family members need to create conditions to help pregnant women have time to rest, as well as share difficulties of pregnant women.